Arts in Turkey
Islamic Arts in Turkey
Calligraphy in Turkey
Also called as the art of beautiful righting. A broad-edged reed, a nib pen or any quill is held at a slight slant to conduct this art form. This is a special art form only designated to write Koran verses, while writing anything about humans or animals is not allowed. This Is considered as a very respected and religious act. The major schools of beautiful writing are Kufi, Sulus, Divani and Talik. These are also specialise in the places of Koran where they are mostly used accordingly.
(Cini) Ceramic Arts: Ceramic Tiles of Iznik
At the time of Ottoman’s the tiles of Iznik were the very quality itself when it came to the art of ceramic tile production. In the light of the travel documents of Evliya Celebi In 17th century, Iznik was home for 340 tile artists. The Sultan would ask for Cini’s from the governor of Iznik if he intended to build a new building for the country. These were used for interior decoration of the building or mosque they could have been used. It can be observed that the style of the tiles has changed from dark blue, blue and yellow decorations on the white surface to much more complex combinations from 16th to 17th century.
Ebru (Paper Marbling Art) in Turkey
The most upheld traditional Turkish art in modern Turkey. The origins are mostly anonymous. The horse trails are used in order to spread the natural dyes specially made for this art type on the surface of the water. The dyes float on the surface of the water due to the chemicals that are used to change the water density. And after the colorful design is formed the paper is carefully placed on top of the water and left for the absorption of the dyes by the paper, then the paper is pulled from a side.
This art form is considerably abstract as the artist is bond by the little control he/she has over the design which involves great randomness. The artist is the one who determines the mood of the design on the tray and the final form is a product of the foresight. The outcome is never the same is never predictable. And precisely this determines the quality of the artist who can manage to pull out the most elegant ebru.