A historical country from ancient times and with a variety of cultures, Turkey is located where the three old world continents, Asia, Europe, and Africa, intersect. Due to its geographical condition, Anatolia was a meeting point for different nationalities, peoples from old times.
Geography of Turkey
Turkey`s total land size is about 780 square kilometers, and most of it locates in Asian side, approximately 97 percent, called with a special name Anatolia. There are three seas around the country those are the Mediterranean on the south, the Black Sea on the north, and Aegean on the west. The significance of the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles, which link the Sea of Marmara to the Black Sea and the Aegean, are the unique international waterways between Asia and the rest of the world. Turkey has all management rights on these waterways. Turkey is surrounded by 8 countries those are Bulgaria and Greece on the northwest, Georgia and Armenia on the northeastern border, Iran Republic and Azerbaijan on the eastern border, and Iraq and Syria on the southern border. Because of its geographical location, amid the Balkans, Central Asia, the Middle East, Turkey is forced to be an active player in several strategic subjects.
Area of Turkey
Total Area: 780,580 sq km
Land Area: 770,760 sq km
Water Area: 9,820 sq km
Comparative Areas: larger than Spain and Portugal together or 2 times bigger than Germany.
Boundaries of Turkey
Turkey is located in Asia and Europe, at the north border of the Black Sea between Georgia and Bulgaria, and bordering Aegean Sea and Mediterranean Sea between Syria and Greece. The geographic coordinates are 39°00′N and 35°00′E.
The area of Turkey is 780,580 sq km (301,384 sq mi); in land 770,760 sq km (297,592 sq mi), and water 9,820 sq km (3792 sq mi)
The distance between the farthest points from east to west is 1600 km (994.2 mi), and from north to south is 800 km (497 mi). 756,816 sq km (292,208 sq mi) of its land area is located in Asia, called Anatolia, and 23,765 sq km (9,175 sq mi) of it located in Europe, named Thrace.
Anatolia`s shape is roughly rectangular peninsula situated like a bridge between the continents, Asia and Europe, and it contains almost 97% of country`s land. The other unofficially used names of Anatolia are the little Asia, Asiatic Turkey, or the Anatolian Plateau. As a term Anatolia is mostly used in specific references which rimmed by mountains that most areas limit the access to the coastal regions.
Thrace, which is the European part of the country, covers 3% of the country`s land, however more than 10% of its population live in this area. Istanbul, the largest and crowded city of Thrace and Turkey, has a population more than 14 million. Thrace is connected with Anatolia by the Bosphorus (Boğaziçi), the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles (Çanakkale), the link between The Black Sea and Aegean Sea. Turkey`s tallest mountain, Mount Ararat, is 5,137 m (16,854 ft) high, and aka the area of Noah`s Ark legendarily, and is located in the eastern region of the country.
Geographic Regions of Turkey
Turkey is divided seven geographical regions by the Geography Congress in Ankara in 1941. The parameters of geographical division were the similarities that the regions have such as the climate, the agriculture, the topography, and the vegetation. The inhabitants in the regions were also considered about their food habits, residential, clothing, and transportation.
The Sea`s names were given as regional names for the four regions; Aegean region, the Black Sea region, the Mediterranean region, and the Marmara region. The rest of the regions were named by their geographic locations in Anatolia; Central, Eastern and Southeastern Anatolia regions.
Climate of Turkey
The coastal regions, the Aegean and the Mediterranean, on the west and the south part of the country have cool and rainy winters and warm and dry summers. The coastal region of the Black Sea annually has lower temperature than the other coastal regions, and has the heaviest rainfall in Turkey due to the mountain limitations from the Sea. So the Black Sea region sees extreme temperature in the winter and summer. Central, Eastern, and Southeastern regions have hot and dry summer and cold winters.
Religion of Turkey
The 99% of Turkey`s population is Muslim, and the majority is Sunni. There are Christians and Jews are less than 1% of the population.
Every religion has their places in Turkey. Istanbul keeps Orthodox, Protestant, Catholic, and Armenian churches, and Synagogues at the same time. And this religious mosaic still exists.
Non- Muslims in Turkey
- 57,000 Armenian Orthodox Christians
- 15,000 Syrian Orthodox
- 377 Yazidi
- 20,000 Jews
History of Turkey
Turkey has a significant place that is being on secular democracy and Muslim, and tries to develop relationships with European Union. During its history, Turkey has had influences by Middle East, North Africa, and European Cultures. The biggest impact of European Culture was begun after the First World War, and Westernizing become a model for its secular structure.
Population of Turkey
At the beginning of the 2014, Turkey`s population is over 76 million people, with an increase 1.21% annually. The male population rate represents around 50.01%, and female population is around 49.99%.
The population of Turkey is spread fairly through 98 people per square, and this attribute of Turkey locates it at 10th in ranking of population density. Turkey is a multicultural country in which many nations have been living altogether. The population of Turkey is comprised of 75% Turkish, 18% Kurdish and 7% other ethnic groups such as Arabic, Armenians, Laz and Zaza.